This memorial commemorates the men of Dundee and the surrounding areas who gave their lives in the cause of freedom during the 1st World War. Their sacrifice is remembered by an annual MOTH Parade at the Garden on 11th November.

Of particular interest is the name of Lt. Green who survived Delville Wood, won two Military Crosses and was killed late in 1917.

Another person of interest is Brother Richardson, a local member of the Masonic Lodge, who drowned on the SS Mendi. The MOTH order (Memorable Order of Tin Hats) was established in 1929 to remember the men and women who died in the Great War 1914–1918. The MOTH memorial from Glencoe has been relocated to this garden and a number of memorials to remember the men and women from this area, in all theatres of war, have been installed here.

Memorials in the Garden of Remembrance Click here to see the names on all the different memorials.

The current facade of this hotel, dating from 1953, is reminiscent of the Tudor Age. This hotel has been trading on this site since the late 19th Century. The Tudor feel to the building continues through the interior and today has a décor that reflects the military history of the area.

However this is not what the building looked like originally. It was a single storey building that had pieces attached to it as it expanded and occupied adjacent buildings. In 1908 they were advertising accommodation for 60 guests in 26 bedrooms, dining and billiard rooms, stabling for 30 horses, tennis court and attractive gardens as well as a vegetable garden to supply the needs of the hotel. By 1949 additions and alterations had incorporated all the free standing buildings. The hotel was recommended by the Royal Automobile Club and boasted lock up garages and wide sunny stoeps to enjoy the fresh air.

The double storey construction in 1901 incorporated part of the original Masonic bar and hotel. This double storey building with broekie lace edged verandahs boasted 30 bedrooms, a first class dining room, ladies sitting room, a smoking room and billiard room (with 2 tables), stables with accommodation for 60 horses, a blacksmith’s shop and electricity throughout.

In 1908 they advertised that a bus met all trains to transport passengers to the hotel.

In 1927 the manager, Mr Osborne was advertising skilled mechanics on the premises to assist with guests vehicles. The hotel was recommended by the Natal Car Club and the Transvaal Car Club. Alterations in the late 1950’s removed the iron pillars and broekie lace and replaces with square brick pillars and brick verandah walls. The hotel was modernised in the 1970’s and renamed the El Mpati hotel. The original verandahs were enclosed to create bathrooms for the bedrooms. Today this building is an Adult Training Centre, which provides sheltered accommodation and employment for handicapped adults.

This was the third Methodist church to be built in Dundee. The original Methodist church built in 1889 is today the AGS church in Gray Street. The second Methodist church was on the same site as the present one but was rebuilt and enlarged in 1951. The first services of which there is any record were conducted by Rev. George Blencowe in 1864. He paid a quarterly visit on horseback. In 1866 the Ladysmith circuit was formed and Dundee fell under this circuit. During 1870 donations were sourced and a church built of burned brick on four acres of land at “Coalfields.” This was an interdenominational church.

With the declaration of the town of Dundee in 1882 church services were held in a local hall. In 1889 the first church (sandstone) was built in Gray Street and opened for worship in 1892. During the Anglo Boer war it soon became apparent that the church was too small and with military assistance the next church was built. The foundation stone was laid in November 1902 and the church opened for worship in August 1905. The final cost of the church was £3,737. In 1959 a church hall was built.

In 1966 it was decided to renovate and improve the appearance of the church. When tenders were called in 1968 it was found that the costs of renovation were the same as construction of a new church and it was decided to demolish the old church and build a new one on the same site.

Building began in December 1968. The Memorial windows of the old church were retained and the foundation stones of the previous churches retained. The cost of this new church complete with organ, furniture, fittings and furnishing was R25,035.

On the opposite side of the street this double story building was erected in 1906. It housed the original Johnstone & Keith builders merchants (which later became Blaikie Johnstone). Both Mr Johnstone and Mr Keith were local men who had settled in Dundee from England and Scotland. They had met while working as carpenters at ”Jumpers Deep” mine on the Witwatersrand in the late 1890’s. After losing their jobs they set off for Natal where they had been led to believe work was more plentiful. Their train was delayed in Glencoe and they left the train and found work in Dundee for Hansen & Thorland.

After the battle of Talana they left Dundee with the Town Guard but were captured by the Boer forces and sent to Pretoria as Prisoners of War. They returned to Dundee at the end of the war and proceeded to start their own business, the first contract being for a house at 1 Douglas St. In this venture they were financed by Peter Smith. The partnership of Johnson and Keith was converted into Johnson & Keith (Pty) Ltd and registered in 1928. They built a business that survived for many years until the advent of the big conglomerates. During the Second World War in 1942 they manufactured and supplied 5000 Mortar Bomb Boxes.

The Company progressed with the times – from the original two carpenters, unskilled helpers and two apprentices to a business that employed 550 people. Mr Johnstone built himself a fine home, Woodside, in Dundee (today 10 Beaconsfield St). He died in 1930. Mr Keith retired in 1942 and died in 1954.

This building was originally erected as the Biggarsberg Unity Lodge, the third English Masonic Lodge. The first building had been erected in July 1885 as a masonic Hall, on the corner of Ladysmith Rd ( now McKenzie St) and Ann St. It was a small building 25 x 50 feet( 8m x 16m) in size with a lean to of 14 x 25 feet (4,5m x 8m).

Not only was it used for Masonic meetings but could be used by the public for dances, theatricals, concerts, private entertainment and church services. In 1891 it was agreed to purchase a piece of land for a new Lodge, as the public hall had been acquired by the Presbyterian church. In 1892 land was purchases and a Masonic hall built.

This Masonic hall was built in 1892 at a cost of £ 475. By 1897 is was agreed to sell the hall and build a proper Masonic Temple. The land was purchased on the corner of Gladstone and Beaconsfield streets for £ 150. The building was erected at a cost of £ 2010. This was financed by the issue £ 5 debenture shares. The foundation stone was laid on2 December 1898, and the first meeting was held in the hallo 18 May 1899.

The upper floor was the Masonic meeting hall and the bottom hall was used for entertainment – dances, theatre and cinema – and was widely regarded as the finest theatre in Northern Natal.

No Masonic meetings were held during the Boer occupation of Dundee. However, documents removed from the Lodge by the Boers were kept by the Resident Magistrate in Vryheid and returned to the Masons after the end of the war. In 1901 the furniture that has been looted from the homes in town during the Boer occupation was piled up in this building for the local residents to claim and remove, after their return to the town. At the end of the war, the “Treason Trials” of the Natal rebels were held in this building.

From 1904–1909 it served as the home of the Dundee and District Club and in 1924 was host to the inaugural meeting of the Natal branch of the National Party (political). In 1929 the Masons sold the building for £ 1600 to Mr Atwell, who was responsible for bringing some amazing cinema shows to Dundee. He also used the front offices as his photographic studio.

The Masons retained the piece of property behind the Hall, which fronted onto Beaconsfield street, and here they built the next Masonic Temple. They moved into their new Lodge in 1930. The name Boswell’s derives from its purchase by Ralph Boswell Robertson MP in 1935. For many years Boswell’s was a grocery and general dealers store and then a wholesaler. It has seen service as a bank, warehouse, office accommodation and now serves as a church.

This is a unique building, both architecturally and historically. It is the last remaining pre-Boer War theatre in KwaZulu-Natal. It was declared a national monument in 1989. This is a declared Provincial Heritage Site.

This red sandstone building, on the corner of Gladstone and Beaconsfield Streets, was the original court house built in 1889 and opened for business from 1 January 1890. It had high ceilings which are still evident although the interior of the building has been altered to provide numerous offices. Today it forms part of the complex of buildings of the police station. This is a declared Provincial Heritage Site.

Officially opened on Friday 8 May 1903, and with a public function on Saturday the 9th May, this is the only building in South Africa which bears the royal coat of arms of Edward VII. The official opening was performed by the mayor of Dundee, Mr W H Tatham.

Mohandas Gandhi was tried in this court on 11 November 1913 for inciting Indians to leave Natal and cross the border into the Transvaal (this was illegal for Indians as they required a permit) and sentenced to a £60 or 90 imprisonment with hard labour. He chose the 90 days but the next day was sent by train to Pretoria. On 14 November he appeared before the magistrate in Volksrust. On 28 November he was back in Dundee addressing large crowds in the grounds of the Hindu temple.

This court house served Dundee until 2013 when a new magistrate’s court was built and this building is no longer used as a court house. Portion of the building houses departments of the South African Police.The court room has become a new museum reflecting the history of Mohandas Gandhi and his particular links with South Africa and Dundee.

  •  Key available from Room 2 Dundee Police Station (next door)
  •  Open Mon – Fri 8am – 4pm. Weekends and holidays by appointment
  •  Contact Talana Museum 034 212 2654
  •  info@talana.co.za
The first Anglican Church built in Dundee in 1891 was a wood and iron building. In 1896 Dundee became a separate parish (no longer under Newcastle) and in 1897 it was decided to build a new church. It cost £1,485 and was completed in 1898, and in the same year the vicarage was built next to it at a cost of £698. The first Vicar was the Rev G.C. Bailey. On 16 April 1899, the new church was consecrated. The original church was about half its present size and did not have the bell-tower – these additions were made in the following four years. The bell was made by Messrs Beckman & Co in Sweden at a cost of ±£45-50. It is very similar to the bell in the steeple of the Ebenezer church, in MacKenzie Street, which had also been manufactured by the same company.

The church has many fine furnishings donated by parishioners to commemorate loved ones. Beautiful wooden frontals stand in front of the choir stalls – these were carved by Mr Magni of the Swedish Mission.

Numerous memorials line the walls of the church. However, the most outstanding is the Anglo Boer War brass tablet on the west wall. This lists all the men “who fell in battle or died of disease in the Dundee sub-district during the war.”

There are six military graves in St. James’ churchyard, Boundary Road. Maj. Gen Sir William Penn Symons was mortally wounded whilst directing the attack near Talana and died on 23 October 1899. He was buried after the British force evacuated Dundee. There are also graves of two soldiers, one of whom was Lt. WHJ Hannah (of the 1st Bn. Leicestershire Regt.) who was killed on 21 October 1899 when the British camp, after having been moved the first time, came under enemy bombardment. Maj RB Blunt (of the Lancashire Fusiliers) died of wounds received in February 1902 in the Vryheid district and also lies buried here. Also buried here is the Rev Bailey, Vicar of St James, who remained in the town during the Boer occupation to look after the wounded soldiers and the few remaining civilians.

Inside the church, on the west wall, is a brass plaque on which are inscribed the names of 231 soldiers of the Imperial and Colonial forces who died in Dundee and the surrounding district during the war. On a longitudinal wall is a marble panel which displays the names of the Natal Volunteer Composite Regiment who lost their lives during the war.
During the occupation of Dundee by the Boer forces Rev Bailey remained in the town to succour the wounded and to conduct church services. He buried the flag in which Gen Penn Symon’s body had been wrapped under the church floorboards, together with valuable church items. Under the carpet in the aisle the roughly cut hole that the Rev Bailey made to hide the flag and other items can still be seen. The original flag is now on display in Talana Museum.

Church services were held in Mr Still’s house, the Public Hall and the hotel, prior to the construction of the church. One acre of land was donated by Mary Sutton(formerly Pascoe). The foundation stone was laid on 2 April 1884 and the building finished and ready for use by its official inauguration on 8 October 1884. It had cost £500 to erect and had an outstanding debt on opening of £230. At this first service the two infant daughters of Mr Still were baptised. The church was praised as being “well built” and could seat 100 persons. Services were held every 6 weeks in the church and then that evening in the Public Hall in Dundee Proper. In 1890 the church was consecrated as the debt had been paid off, as well as a further one acre of land, bought from Mary Sutton for £10, to serve as a burial ground.

In 1896 a decision was taken to sell the property to the Swedish Mission Church but this didn’t happen. St James was built in Dundee and the property at “Coalfields” sold to the Dundee Coal Company in 1917.

With time and the growth of the town of Dundee, the area where St Philips was became known as “Coalfields” – the name of the farm. This church was vandalised by the Boer forces during the war of 1899-1902. St Philips was moved to it’s present position in 1902 to serve as the church hall.

By the 1960’s there were 60 graves in the cemetery. In 1995 the remains of only 28 could be found and when the headstones were finally removed to Talana Museum for safe keeping in 2011 only 22 remained.

Today this little building on the corner of Boundary and Grey Streets is used by the church as on office and by the pre-primary school as a storeroom.

This complex of shops was the original ‘Williams Hygienic Bakery”. The original building and roofline have been preserved and the present shops were designed to fit into the structure of the original building. The ovens from the bakery were preserved and can be seen built into a wall in the inside passage between the shops. The open section where there is a small garden was the original entrance into the stables for the horses.

Mr Fred Williams arrived in Natal from the UK in 1895. He worked for a Mr Sheperd who had a contract to supply 10 tons of bread daily to Ladysmith during the Boer War. In 1902 Mr Williams acquired a small business in Dundee and started a bakery. He later bought out his opposition, rebuilt the buildings and incorporated a grocery and tea room. He was joined by his 2 sons, who continued the business after his death in 1933. The Model and Hygenic Bakeries were then run as one business until they were sold in 1952 to Mine Stores. The business continued under the original name until finally closing in the 1980’s.

Corner Beaconsfield St and King Edward St.

Until a hall was built on the corner of McKenzie and Gladstone Streets in 1884, worship was conducted by a minister from Newcastle at Talana, home of Mr and Mrs Peter Smith. In June 1899 the Rev Ireland became the first minister. The Anglo Boer war caused services to be held in Boswells building as the church hall was being used for the war effort. In March 1902 Ann Smith laid the foundation stone for a new church, which was consecrated on 15 March 1903 with a service, followed by a public social in the Civic Hall on 16 March in the evening. . The foundation stone was laid by Ann Smith.
The first minister, the Rev. J T C Ireland served in the First World War and died at sea when his ship was torpedoed.
The Roll of Honour inside the church was unveiled in 1920 and records those men of the district who died in the First World War. There are also other memorial tablets on the walls.

In 1924 the church hall was built, a gift from Mr and Mrs D G Johnson, and proved invaluable as a Sunday School.

Corner Beaconsfield and King Edward St

The war memorial hall was built to honour the service and sacrifice of the men and women of Dundee and the area who served in the Second World War. The funds for the building were raised by the citizens of Dundee in memory of the men of the district who fell in military engagements , members of the MOTH and BCESL (British Commonwealth Ex-Service League) members.

The MOTH organisation had been founded by Charles Evenden in 1928 to “help fellow servicemen in need and to remember all ex-servicemen and women who had died in war and peace time”. The Endumeni shellhole was founded in the late 1920’s. The BCESL was founded in 1921 by Field Marshall Haig, Jan Smuts and Gen Lukin to ”relieve the plight of soldiers who had returned form the horrors of the battlefields of France and Flanders in the Frist World War. The organisation provided care, employment, housing for former soldiers. In the 1950’s Dundee had both a men’s and a Women’s Auxiliary branch.
Towards the end of the Second World War a group of Dundee citizens got together to consider an appropriate memorial to the local men and women who had served and died in the war. It was decided not to erect another memorial – like the one for the First World War – but to build a living memorial that would be useful to the community.

The first step of the project was to build the shellhole so that there would be a home and venue for MOTH meetings. When work on the hall started there was not sufficient money and so the MOTH’s decided to offer their skills and labour free to help build the hall. Building was slow as it was done over weekends but eventually sufficient funds were raised to allow a bank bond to be raised and Johnstone & Keith to complete the construction. The hall was opened on 13 October 1956 by Gen Klopper, head of the South African Defence Force. The Natal Carbineers with their pipe band paraded through the town. For many years fund raising events were held to pay the bond on the building.

Inside the foyer is a memorial tablet to the men of Dundee and district who died in the war. This is not a comprehensive list for the whole town as other memorial tablets are found in the Anglican and Presbyterian churches and in Dundee High school.
A complete list of the local men and women who died in the Second World War can be seen in t Garden of Remembrance.

There is also a memorial tablet to Alexander Harvey Biggar, after whom the range of mountains around Dundee is named (Biggarsberg). He died in the battle of Opathe Kloof in 1839 while assisting Boer forces in their battles against Zulu forces.

The Indumeni/Isandlwana Shellhole has a superb collection of military memorabilia dating from the Anglo Zulu war of 1879 to the present. It is open on Fridays evenings from 17:00 and welcomes visitors.
Contact Pat Rundgren 072 803 2885 to make arrangements to view the museum.

Corner Beaconsfield and Willson St

By 1908 the Ermelo church was too small and the Methodist church in Gray Street was bought. This very soon also became too small and an agreement was reached with the Methodists that they would swop services for “nagmaal” services and would have the use of the new Methodist church.

In 1917 Dundee became a congregation in its own right. The need for a larger church was becoming very apparent and in 1919 it was agreed to raise funds to build a new church. The first architects plans proved too expensive and in 1921 plans by Gerard Moerdyk were accepted and work begun on a church to seat 750 people at a cost of R21,298. The property on the corner of Willson and Beaconsfield was bought from Mrs Willson. The building was completed in 1922, with the official inauguration being held on 8 December of that year.

On the clock tower of this building is an impressive Anton von Wouw sculpture and plaque commemorating the Boers who fell in the battle of Talana. This commemorates the battle of Talana and the suffering of the women . Although these men were originally buried on the top of Talana hill, their remains were reinterred under the clock tower in 1929. The list of names was renewed in 1960 as the original list had weathered badly and was no longer legible. Repairs were also undertaken to the relief.

In the garden near this memorial, is a concrete slab, in which are etched the marks of the wagon wheels from the wagons of the 1938 centenary trek as they made their way through Dundee and on to the site of the battle of Blood River/Ncome.
In 1963 the magnificent pipe organ was used for the first time.

The original Methodist church built in 1889 was bought by the Dutch Reformed congregation in 1908. The Ermelo church on the slopes of Mpati mountain, had become too small to hold the growing congregation. (The Ermelo church building was used by the British forces as an army stable in 1899.) It soon became apparent that this church was also too small for the “nagmaal” services and an arrangement was reached with the Methodists to use their larger church, while they used the smaller older church, for these particular services.

During the Anglo Boer War with the large numbers of British troops stationed in the town the church, in Gray St, was too small to accommodate the soldiers for Sunday services and an arrangement to “swop” churches was made with the Dutch Reformed congregation, who had a larger church.

In 1925 a private owner, Mr Blogg, bought the church. He, in turn sold the church in 1933 to the Nederduitse Hervormde Church of Glencoe. It changed hands again in 1954 when it was sold to the Ou Apostoliese Churh, who in turn sold it in 1976 to the AGS of SA (The Apostoliese Geloof Sending van Suid Afrika. They undertook considerable restoration to return the church to its original state and to preserve this historic building with its yellowwood ceiling.

The hole like markings on the sandstone blocks are not bullet marks as some people believe but are from the pincers that were used to lift the blocks into position. This is a declared Provincial Heritage Site.

In April 1957 the Dundee Town Council decided to implement the proclamation of 1931, “by which no unexempted native male or female shall be in any public place in urban area of Dundee unless he or she is in possession of a written permit signed by his or her employer or a person authorised by the Borough Corporation of Dundee.” The curfew bell was rung at 10:00 pm each evening. This was part of the “apartheid years” means of control and racial segregation. This was the signal that all African people had to be off the streets and in their homes for the night. Most African urban dwellers had to live in townships on a city’s perimeter. Any African person on the streets after this time, without correct documentation allowing for them to be on the streets, were arrested. Times have moved on, “apartheid” or its correct name “separate development” has become history with the national elections in 1994, but the curfew bell is part of our history – but how many people remember about this, what it meant and where this bell stood in Dundee.

This site is now occupied by the McKenzie street hall. McKenzie Street was a thoroughfare for men and women from the established town of Dundee to Farm Doctor – the area set aside for the development of African housing on the outskirts of the town. This was incorporated into the establishment of Sibongile in 1960, with the official establishment of the township in 1968. The municipal brewery had the role rights to brew and sell African beer. Profits from the sale of beer assisted in the funding of the first phase of the development of Sibongile. The beer hall was relocated into the township, when Sibongile was formally established.

In July 1901, during the Anglo Boer War, the prospectus for the Dundee Electric Lighting and Power Co Ltd was published in the local newspaper. Shares were available for local residents to buy at 10 shillings per share, in the company. On 12th Feb 1902 the Dundee Municipal Board accepted a proposal from a Pietermaritzburg firm, Messrs Collins & Kessler, to install machinery to supply electricity for the town. The electricity was switched on 12 March 1902, to the town mains, two of the hotels and a number of private homes and stores. Electric street lights were also installed. A windmill was erected outside the generating station which could be used for pumping, driving mills, chaff cutters and other labour saving machines, particularly for farmers.

On 10 December a function was held to officially switch on electric lighting to the Swedish hospital. The cost of the installation was borne by previous patients and local townspeople.

In 1928 the electrical engineer was able to report on a successful reconstruction of the Power Station. The old wood and iron building had been replaced with the fine red brick building you can still see today. The cost of this new building was £2010 and the equipment a further £2025. The sale of the old boilers, piping and building brought in £350 to be off set against the cost. As there was minimal call for electricity on Saturdays afternoons and Sundays the generator was switched off and the small amount required was supplied by a battery system. After the costs were calculated over a five year period it was decided in 1928 to do away with the battery system and acquire another generator.

By 1930 there were 500 consumers in the town and power was available 24 hours a day.

The Dundee and District Club members used the Masonic Lodge (Boswell’s) as their meeting hall from 1904-909. They then moved into Central Buildings and in 1926 into the specially constructed Club House. Although no longer in use as a club this was for many years the regular meeting place for many Dundee businessmen. The stained glass window in the Dundee Club, which was ordered from London, took too long to arrive and the walls were constructed leaving an opening to insert it on arrival. When it did the original window which did not fit into the space and was built into Woodside, home of Mr Johnstone, the contractor. Another window was then ordered to fit the opening.

Mr Atwell opened a photography shop in Dundee before the Anglo Boer War as he was taking photos of the soldiers, and the Boer commandoes in the town during the war. His first shop was where today the Dept of Labour building stands, in Victoria St, just up from the Royal Hotel. In 1913 he rented he bottom section of the Masonic Hall (Boswells) and started his bioscope business as well as photography. In the early 1920’s his rent was doubled and so he decided to build his own premises. This included a special theatre, cinema, dance hall and a tea room on the side of the building run by his wife. Completed in 1923, it also served as the Dundee public hall as there was no other hall large enough for public functions, weddings and entertainments. Mr Atwell and his son, Leslie, kept a small herd of cows behind his bungalow in Wilson street. He used the milk for the teas, coffee, cake and ice-cream which his wife made.

The theatre had 2 entrance doors. It was through the side door that ”Africans” were admitted for film shows and the “white’ entrance was through the front. All filmed showed were hired from around South Africa.

He had a special ”give-away” fan made of parchment that was printed with a photograph of the exterior of the building as a means of attracting paying customers.

He retired in1929 after 16 years in the bioscope and photography business. The last bioscope show was held on 30 Sept 1929.

Sadly the windows and door have been modernised but the facade is still the same. The extension on the right side which served as a tearoom later became offices.

This lovely building with its elaborate minarets is an important landmark in Dundee. Funds to erect this mosque were collected from the Dundee community and this community still maintains the building from funds collected for this purpose. The prayer carpet in the building was specially woven to fit into the building.

In July 1885 the first masonic Hall was opened for use in Dundee. It was a small building 25 x 50 feet( 8m x 16m) in size with a lean to of 14 x 25 feet (4,5m x 8m).

Not only was it used for Masonic meetings but could be used by the public for dances, theatricals, concerts, private entertainment and church services. In 1891 it was agreed to purchase a piece of land for a new Lodge, as the public hall had been acquired by the Presbyterian church. In 1892 land was purchased and a Masonic hall built. In April 1903 the ”Talana” lodge, a Scottish lodge was instituted in Dundee. They took over and used this building as their Masonic hall.
In June 1916 a notice in the Dundee and District Courier advised the citizens that due to numerous public requests an :up-to-date and fully equipped butter factory” would be established at Dundee. They purchased the Talana hall and alterations were undertaken. 3,500 public shares were also made available. The Dundee Creamery was a branch of the Newcastle Creamery, established on a co-operative basis. By March 1917 they were in full production and advertising regularly in the local newspaper. In 1923 they became part of the Natal Co-operative dairies (NCD), which eventually evolved into Clover.

It has served as a number of business offices since then.

The inscription on the gable of this building “Soli Deo Gloria” – to God alone the glory – encapsulates what this building was all about. In 1901 the Rev Norenius decided that the Betania mission needed printed Zulu hymn books and other literature. He appealed to the Swedish Mission Council for assistance and this enabled the purchase of basic machinery. A building on the mission property was made available and with the help of a printer in Dundee the Ebenezer Press started life. He employed small staff and gradually trained promising young boy from the Mission school in the work.

This early start of printing and book binding grew into a commercial business. The work came in and more machines had to be purchased. Two skilled workmen – one from Sweden and one from England – were employed for the more difficult tasks.
Bear in the mind the task he had set himself . First he had to teach himself the art of printing and book binding before he could teach others. He had to master the technical know-how of the machinery and familiarise himself with the terminology of everything required in the printing and book binding processes. As his correspondence was with British firms he had to express himself in English, thus becoming fluent in this language.The mines became valuable clients with their needs for thousands of labour cards. This income kept the fledgling business afloat.

The forerunner to the Dundee Courier, the Dundee and District Advertiser, was printed by the Ebenezer Press in 1901, as was the Courier until taken over by R.A. Burns in 1970 and then Caxton Publishers. Izwe la Kiti –Our Country- was a weekly English/Zulu newspaper published by the Ebenezer Press from 1912-1915. This newspaper was founded and published as “an inter-denominational united Christian, educational and political newspaper for the Zulu people.” Although sponsored by white missionaries it was an important protest vehicle as it acted as a means of expression of African opinion in Natal and published articles on and by members of the ANC. The first issue appears to have been incorrectly numbered – vol6 no1- since there are no known copies of this newspaper before September 1912.
The Ebenezer Press was congratulated in 1913 on the quality of its printing and the relatively few typographical errors particularly in Zulu. Mr Norenius was also congratulated on seeing the need for the printing of Zulu literature.

The weekly printing of the Courier and Izwe la Kiti was only a part of their printing business.

A Zulu newspaper “Isitunya (The Witness) , a monthly children’s paper “Eyetu”, a the half yearly “Umsizi Wab Ondhlayo”, “Izaziso” ( a monthly paper of Missionary Notes and News) as well as Zulu hymn books, Bible histories, catechisms, almanacs, diaries, grammar books, reading charts, labour books, marriage registers, posters, wedding cards and a whole variety of different print orders were skilfully printed here. The first issues of Izwe la Kiti carried photographs on the front page -it took until the 1960’s for the Courier to have this feature.
At one stage this newspaper had 1500 subscribers.

By 1911 the church Council was concerned about how the printing business had developed and withdrew their financial support. Peter Lars Norenius faced the alternative of closing the printing press or going it alone. He resigned his position of missionary in charge and went into printing as a full time business. He had to raise funds for machinery, a building and more staff. Although the first years were tough, together with his wife and children helping out they managed. He eventually returned to full time mission work. As time progressed they eventually published in ten different languages and dialects.

In July 1889 a decision was made that the Church Of Sweden would start mission work at Dundee. Revs Lars Norenius, Witt and Walberg were delegated to make the necessary preparations during 1889 and 1890. In 1891 2 acrs of land was bought at Dundee Coalfields and in May a small, simple dwelling house was also bought. A small chapel was built and consecrated and Rev Norenius moved in the new parsonage with his family. In 1893 a school house and smallhuse for an evangelist were built. Rev Norenius also started mission work in Dundee proper. As this mission work grew it was decided to buy a plot of land and build a chapel and dwelling house. With the growth in work and of the town of Dundee, it was decided to move the mission into Dundee Proper. Over time more sections were added, with a school, parsonage in 1897 and Ebenezer church in 1898.

On 12 January 1899 Betania hospital was blessed as well as “Imbewana”, the nurses home. The first matron of the hospital was Baroness Posse (1899-1901), she had previously taught in the mission school at Rorkes Drift. She had personally paid for the construction of the hospital and nurses home and until 1903 paid all the running expenses of the hospital and the salaries of the nurses.
The hospital literally had a baptism by fire , when on 18 January 1899 they had to deal with a number of European and Zulu casualties from a mine disaster – many were badly burnt.

During the battle of Talana, Rev J E Norenius ( brother of the missionary L P Norenius) offered the use of the hospital for wounded soldiers and the church was used as a hospital ward. There is a military cemetery just behind the church. Today it is a Wesleyan church. In the military cemetery, 15 British soldiers and 4 Boers, all of whom died of wounds in the hospital building near the church, were laid to rest. Amongst them are two British Officers: Capt. F.H.B. Connor (of the Royal Irish Fusiliers) and 2nd Lt. C.J. Genge (of the Royal Dublin Fusiliers). Also buried there is Tpr. R.A. Cunningham (of Bethune’s Mounted Infantry) who died in May 1900 during the British advance through northern Natal. There are also 4 Boers in this cemetery and the memorial is the only one in South Africa to record British and Boers names on the same memorial.
The introduction of the Group Areas Act in 1953 spelt the end of Betania hospital and mission. Situated in a declared “white area’ they were forbidden to expand and they continued to operate an serve the wider community treating wide ranging diseases. They were finally forced to close in 1970 and with the closure went a place of care and healing for the community.

Today the site is once again a mission. The original hospital – with its 1930’s additions and enlargement, the original “Imbewana” and church are all still there. Many of the buildings that grew over the years still exist and other like the school building have been altered and reconstructed for modern use. Elements of the original buildings were retained and still be seen in the buildings today.

The church is again is use. The small cemetery where both British and Boer soldiers are buried, remains as a record of the historical links that Dundee has with so many events that effected this country. This is a declared Provincial Heritage Site.

In 1935 McKenzie Street was renamed in honour of John McKenzie, mayor of Dundee. The street had originally been Ladysmith Road and was the main thoroughfare into Dundee from the Ladysmith direction and out towards Vryheid. The hospital was built in 1903 and served as the town hospital until the construction of the new hospital in the 1960’s. The small sandstone building in the rear of the grounds of the cottage hospital was used as the morgue.

Amongst the graves of the 76 men of the Imperial and Colonial forces known to be buried in the Dundee Cemetery are the remains of the troopers of the 18th Hussars formerly buried at Adelaide farm, and possibly another two who were killed in an ambush of a British patrol on 23 October. In addition, the remains of a British infantryman who died of wounds received at Talana and buried near the Dundee-Glencoe railway have been added to the British precinct. By far the greatest number of burials (47 in number) occurred in the Dundee cemetery when the No. 40 Stationary Hospital pitched its tents on the outskirts of the town. The first burial was in May 1900 and the last in August 1902. Most of these soldiers died from the disease. From Glencoe the remains of 10 soldiers, all of whom died in June 1900, have been added, while from Nqutu the remains of another 8, most of whom were killed in action near Nondweni on 28 July 1901, have been transferred to the cemetery. Finally, the remains of two soldiers, both of whom died in May 1900 and originally buried in the “old” cemetery, now lie at rest here.

It took time to proclaim Sibongile township – although discussed, planned and surveyed in 1966 it was not formally declared until 1968. Sibongile incorporated the original area of farm “Doctor”, which had been established By Dr Abraham in 1917.

The first batch of 340 houses were built in 1960 along Langa, Jobe, Luvuno, Xaba, Mngadi and Madonsela streets. Further developments took place in the later 1960 and over the years since then.

Farm “Doctor” – B of Coalfields No.2273 ( 1173 acres), was purchased from the Coal Company of Natal , in 1914 for an amount of £4,617,10,0 and with the addition of transfer duties and taxes this came to £5,297,13,0 . This was authorized by Ordinance 16 1914 and section 3 therefor provided for the sale or lease of plots of this land( which became a part of the Town lands of the Borough) to natives. The farm was originally purchased from accumulated funds of the Native Beer Administration Fund. This was disallowed and the rest was transferred to the Borough Fund in 1917. Originally it was proposed to acquire this property for the purpose of cutting it up into plots for sale or lease to Natives. The majority of the burgesses were apparently strongly opposed to the outright sale of such plots to Natives as in their view such sale would have conveyed a permanent right of occupation to the Natives and it was decided rather to lease the plots to the Natives.

On a recommendation to the Chief Native Commissioner, Natal it was decided that the removal of African people would commence on the 8th August 1950. It has been decided to accommodate the stock owning tenants of Doctor on the Trust-owned properties in Flint and Blaauwbank in this area, and the endeavours are being made to find suitable farm on which the remaining families could be accommodated.

It was reported that a letter has been received from the Secretary for Native Affairs addressed to Mr. A W Maree, MP stated that it was only possible to settle twenty-one families from Farm Doctor in farm Flint and Blaauwbank (March 3, 1950).

In his annual report, submitted by the manager of Native Administration Mr. De Wet stated that plans passed by the Council for the closer settlement of the Native village north of the river, provided for 588 residential sites, with sites for recreational grounds, public business sites and for other purposes. Four standard types plans of houses have been approved for natives wising to build their own homes. Streets in this area have been shaped, graded and traveling has been made much easier. A commencement has been made with the water reticulation scheme, £ 1,500 having been spent for this purpose. An approved hostel scheme for the accommodation of 704 males has been placed before the Native Affairs Department and the Natal Housing Board (September 7,1956). As a result of the visit to Pretoria by the officials of the Council, l the lay outs of the location on the Farm Doctor will be amended to meet the requirements of the National Housing Commission. The hostel scheme will also be amended to provide accommodation for approximately 1400-1500 natives, the number being double the original scheme. It was decided to make application to the Bantu section of the National Housing Board for a loan £ 127,000 to finance the hostel scheme and the erection of 200 native dwellings. The plans for the proposed beer hall on the Farm Doctor will also be re-designed to provide a beer garden. as well as a hall, a ticket office, a private lounge and a veranda. (Report September 13,1957)

In 1898 a small number of nuns were sent from Newcastle to establish a school. The managed to acquire a small building known as “The Cottage” where a boarding school was opened. They were forced to close during the Anglo Bowe War and take refuge in Pietermaritzburg, but resumed teaching as soon as the war ended. In 1916 76 girls were enrolled in the school, which functioned as a government-aided school under the Natal Education Department. In 1921 a large new brick building was erected and this is the building (with alterations) that still exists. The Holy Rosary Convent was situated in 22 acres of land, offered a quality education and boarding for 80 pupils. This Dominican school was run by the nuns of the order .Tennis, hockey, bask et-ball were some of the sports offered. The school also boasted a swimming pool. Special tuition was also available for the girls wishing to study music.

In 1933 the nuns reported that “St Francis Native School in our grounds in growing with currently 100 pupils”. They also noted in December of that year that there had been a terrific hailstorm and that the school train to Glencoe had had most of its windows broken. In 1939 the pupils repeated their May Day Procession for the benefit of the visit of the governor General Sir Patrick and Lady Duncan.

In 1994 the records reflect that they were refusing admission to the boarding facility as they could not accommodate the numbers and “as some are the children and grandchildren f past pupils it is a pity.” In 1947 extensions to the buildings made provision for extra classrooms. In 1950 and again in 1952 memorial services were held on the deaths of Jan Smuts and King George V.

In 1972 the school closed and the buildings used by Dundee High School.

The buildings became the home of Pro Nobis school, for mentally and physically challenged children, which is what continues to be.

This is a declared Provincial Heritage Site.

This home built by Edward Ryley, Minister of Agriculture in the Natal Parliament in 1903, stands on the position of the British camp at the time of the battle of Talana. The bricks for the construction of the house were supplied by Dundee Brick & Tile. The floor and verandah tiles were all imported from Holland. The rise on which the house stands and the land extending to the east, ((Across the present road that enters Dundee) known as Ryley’s hill, was the tented British camp. The small stream below the house was where the horses were watered.

After being shelled by the Long Tom on 21 October the British camp was moved across the valley and set up in the vicinity of where the NLK silo’s are today. They assumed they would be out of range of the Boer field guns but were mistaken. Not long after setting up their camp the Long Tom opened fire and found the range of the camp. The decision was then made to move the camp once again and this time it was on to the lower slopes of Indumeni mountain on McKenzies farm.

The camp was now so far out of Dundee that it was not possible to defend the town from this position. Gen Penn Symons was carried, mortally wounded off the battlefield, to the British camp on Ryley’s hill and it was here that he died. His coffin draped in the Union jack flag, (which can be seen in Talana Museum), was carried along the streets of Dundee to the St James churchyard where he was buried.

This group of buildings was constructed between 1910 and 1945. The main temple of brick and iron (1910-1945); a wood and iron Mariaman temple (1938), replaced in 1986; a large dining hall(1986) which replaced the earlier building; a temple hall and Ibumban shrine.The original temple designed by Kothanar Ramsamy Pillay consisted of two separate buildings each with its own dome and moolasthanam for Ganesha and Subrahmanya. The newer buildings provided a common assembly hall for these two while adding a third cella between for Shivalingam.The red brick Northern-Natal style is well integrated with the earlier structures. All these structures were paid for by funds raised form the Hindi community of Dundee.

The main sikhara has a very fine sculpted quality with carefully made figures. Gandhi worshipped at this temple and in the grounds addressed crowds thousands strong in 1913 to encourage them to strike and join the march across the Transvaal border, as a peaceful but powerful message to the South African authorities that the unjust legislation concerning Indians needed to be revoked.

 

Interesting Snippets & Buildings not open to public

 

Victoria Street and Gladstone Street intersection

On the one corner is the First National Bank – the bank has occupied this position since the beginning of the 20th Century, first as the Natal Bank, then Barclays and now First National.

On the opposite corner was the Standard Bank which occupied the corner from 1889, when the bank first opened for business in Dundee, until the new Standard Bank was built in the 1990’s. While a bank, the clock on the front of this building was always regarded as the official time in Dundee.

There is a wonderful story of how the gold from the Standard bank was carried to safety out of Dundee in coffins, just before the battle of Talana. Legends and myths add colour to the actual historical events.

From Victoria turn left into Gladstone Street and walk along the row of shops to the Methodist Church. This row of little shops was built and operating by 1905 as photographs of the major snowstorm in that year show.

Otto Siedle owned Mine Stores in Glencoe. His daughter Perle trained as an opera singer and during the Second World War stood on the end of the pier at Durban harbour and sang to every troop ship entering or leaving the harbour – even on the day that she got the news of her own son’s death. Perle Siedle Gibson was known as the “Lady in White”. Growing up she spent many of her school holidays in this house.

In 1935 McKenzie Street was renamed in honour of John McKenzie, mayor of Dundee. The street had originally been Ladysmith Road and was the main thoroughfare into Dundee from the Ladysmith direction and out towards Vryheid.

 

16 Union Street
Built by Mr Harvey of the millers Harvey and Retallack in 1892. This building was occupied and used as the Boer headquarters during the occupation of Dundee from 22 October 1899—15 May 1900.

 

Friis Street

Built in the mid 1890’s this home was originally set in a large property. The entrance gates led of Smith St. However, with subdivision of property all the land surrounding this lovely home has been developed and it has lost is magnificent setting, although still a superb example of the architecture and wealth of the time.

 

29 Union Street

Built in 1896 by Mr A.A. Smith a lawyer in Dundee. It has a remarkable Victorian conservatory, magnificent Victorian tiled verandahs, pressed steel ceilings and ornate Victorian fire places. The original stables are still on the property.

This is a declared Provincial Heritage Site.

58 Oldacre Street

It was built in 1894 and used as a boy’s school, which could accommodate 20 boarders comfortably. It stood in large grounds, much of which has been subdivided and sold off over the years, but it still has remarkably few changes to the building over the last century.

Corner Union and Boundary Road

Now Penryn Guest House. Built in 1910 this was the first double storey house in Dundee. Dr LLoyd who lived here had his medical surgery in one of the rooms on the ground floor that led off the verandah.

10 Gladstone Street

Built in the mid 1920’s by Mr Johnstone of the from Johnstone and Keith. Magnificent mahogany bookcases and shelving units were imported from London to be fitted into this house. At the same time as the house was being built Johnstone and Keith also had the contract to build the Dundee Club. They had ordered a curved stained glass window for the club with the letters DC entwined in coloured glass, but on its arrival found that the space that had been left was too small and the window did not fit. Mr Johnstone then built it into the dining room of his own home. If you view the house from Oldacre St you can still see the letters DC along the top of the curved glass window.

1 Harvey Place

Built in 1892 by Mr Talbot the chemist in Dundee. This home is a remarkable example of the style of the time, with locally produced bricks and beautiful wooden floors, skirtings and yellowwood window sills throughout the house.

This is a declared Provincial Heritage Site.

Union St Now Tranquil Guest House.

This is the original Dutch Reformed parsonage.

It was from 1924 – 1957, the home of the minister. A new home was built adjacent to the church and thus this building ceased to be used and was sold.

95 Smith Street

Built in 1894 this property was part of the original Orange Grove Dairy. The bluestone buildings which were used for selling milk stood among an Orange Grove (hence the name), but sadly over time and with the sub division of the property all but one of the original dairy buildings have been demolished.

The house at the corner of Gladstone and Albert St was the home of Mr “Sniffy” Smith, mine manager of the Dundee Colliery.

Endumeni District

Shembe is a combination of Zulu culture and Christianity and has gained popularity in recent times. You will see circles of white stone which demarcate the prayer area. A number of these exist on the fringes of the town can be seen in the area. The followers of this religion wear white robes.

Dundee High School has a long and proud tradition of education in the community. Early itinerant school masters had been around since 1859. Schooling with staff started properly in 1885. In 1886 Mr Paglar arrived as the headmaster and the use of the Masonic hall for classes (this was the building on the corner of Ann and Ladysmith Road which became the Scottish Masonic Lodge). In 1887 Mr Robert Wood succeeded Mr Paglar. Three of the teachers were the Miss Dill’s, daughters of a farmer on the road to Rorke’s Drift. In 1890 the “aided school” was taken over by the Natal Government and the school moved to the centre of town. There were 2 headmaster ‘s in quick succession but it was the arrival of Mr Gowthorpe in September 1892 that saw great strides made in schooling in Dundee. In 1892 there were 85 pupils in the school, which grew to 356 in 1902. The school closed with the evacuation of the civilians from Dundee due to the Battle of Talana and school only commenced on 16 May 1900. In 1904 a new headmaster, Mr Sivil was appointed. Numbers of pupils grew as did staff and in 1907 a new building was erected on the Berea (present school site), which were opened by the Mayor of Dundee, Mr West Thorrold. Although there was a new building there were insufficient funds for new desks and furniture and the school had to make do with the old “ so half the well-worn old fashioned desks, with the names or initials of past generations of school boys carved all over them, were sent up to the new building, where they looked singularly out of place in the spick and span new rooms.” In1906 the school playing fields were used as a mustering station for the 7000 troops and 25 stretcher bearers, led by Sgt Mohandas K Gandhi, that were housed in Dundee prior to leaving for the Bambatha Rebellion. On 1 June 1906 the school children were all given permission from 9:00 – 9:30 to watch the troops leave for the front.

Memorial plaques in the school record the Old Boys who gave their lives in service of their country in both the First and Second World Wars. Mr Gary who had been headmaster from 1909 left in 1923 and was succeeded by Mr Pape for a very short time before he was promoted and thus succeeded by Mr James Black. And the years rolled on, the school grew, expanded, new buildings went up, academic standards were upheld. Expansions to the school from 1977-1982 saw the school become very much what is still is today.

In 1934 a much needed library was built at the school and named in honour of Lucy Meakin, who was the English teacher from 1921-1944.

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The first battle of the Anglo Boer War of 1899-1902 took place on the slopes of Talana hill on Friday 20 October 1899.

There are many places in Dundee and Glencoe associated with the battle.

Dundee

Railway Ave

Although not the same building the present building was constructed on the same position as the original. It was here that British troops sent to Dundee detrained and from where wounded troops were sent by train to hospitals in southern Natal or on to Durban and the hospital ships.

Banks of Steenkoolspruit / Colley Street

There are a number of positions which the artillery occupied throughout the town during the battle. In the camp were batteries of the 13th, 67th and 69th batteries of artillery. The 67th battery remained in camp to defend it against any possible attack while the other two moved through the town to get closer to Talana hill to improve their range and accuracy. They took up position in what is now the bridge in Colley Street and then later moved to the banks of the Steenkoolspruit.

Towards the end of the battle they moved into Smith’s nek but did not fire on the retiring Boer forces. A number of reasons have come down over time for this:

  • They heard the all clear being sounded
  • They mistook the Boers for British cavalry
  • They had already earlier in the day fired on their own men on the slopes of Talana hill and did not want to repeat the mistake.

The Casualty clearing station for men wounded in the battle of Talana was at the bottom end of Victoria Street. Wounded soldiers were carried from the battlefield to this position, given basic first aid treatment and then carried further into the town to buildings that had been commandeered as hospitals. Many of the Indian traders or storekeepers who had remained in the town came out to act as stretcher bearers and carry the wounded off the battlefield.

Lines of blockhouses were built all across South Africa in the war of 1899-1902, to defend railway lines, strategic positions and to create areas in which Boer forces could be confined and captured. Blockhouse number 2 was built to defend Dundee from the Wasban valley/Ladysmith entrance. The blockhouse was taken down in the 1950’s and there are no remains of this blockhouse which stood in the open fields at the southern end of McKenzie Street. By the design of this blockhouse we know it was an early one. They were constructed by non military contractors and each contractor had a different design. They were built to protect important areas e.g. road junctions, rail bridges and water supplies. From early maps showing the roads into Dundee from the Wasbank valley and Helpmekaar we know that this blockhouse was built where these roads met. It is possible that there were more blockhouses on the main roads leading into Dundee. This would account for it being numbered No2. Each of these blockhouses would have been manned by at least 7 soldiers.
GPS: S28°09 21.6 / E30°15 35.5

The museum recounts the action that took place across the grounds and around the Smith cottage, Talana house, and farm buildings during the battle and the subsequent events in Dundee until the end of the war. The verandahs of both the Smith cottage and Talana house were used as British dressing stations during then battle. British soldiers were buried in 2 mass graves on the lower slopes of the hill but were moved into the Smith family cemetery in the 1960’s. The stone walls on the hillside, built by peter Smith, as part of his farming exercise were used by the British troops as cover from the murderous and accurate cross fire of the Boer forces on Talana and Lennox hills. Exhibits in the museum explain many aspects of this battle and others in the area. A self-guided trail with explanatory markers follows the route of the British soldiers up Talana hill. The museum also has a memorial to Mohandas Gandhi in the grounds as well as a permanent exhibit on the 1913 Passive Resistance march led by Gandhi. This exhibit includes information of the indentured Indians who came to work on the coal mines.

This is a declared Provincial Heritage Site.

At the foot of the eastern slope of Talana stand the buildings of the Thornley farmstead. This was the home of Peter Smith, younger son of Peter Smith of Talana. The main building was commandeered by the Boers and used as their headquarters, while other buildings served as a store depot and hospital during the battle of Talana. Some 80 wounded, including 5 British, has sought refuge there and received medical attention. The stable nearby was used as a mortuary. The remains of some 8-10 Boers, originally buried in the garden, were exhumed in 1929 and transferred to the Dutch Reformed Church in Beaconsfield Street One of the farm buildings was used in 1929 as a holding area for the Boer remains as they were brought down off Talana hill before being transported to be reinterred under the clock tower of the Dutch Reformed Church.

This is a declared Provincial Heritage Site.

Ngisana Road

On the farm Adelaide there existed a cemetery which contained the graves of four troopers of the 18th Hussars. These men fell in action at the farm Adelaide after Col. Moller and his men sought refuge when the Boers, led by Lt. Col. Trichardt, cut off their escape back to camp. The graves were located some 70m west of the old horse stable, the walls of which still bear marks of Boer shell-fire. Their remains were exhumed and re-interred in the Dundee cemetery. Today a private home, special arrangements need to be made to visit these buildings.

The stone barn has collapsed in recent times.

Boer forces occupied Talana, Lennox and Mpati mountains – thus controlling the heights surrounding the town of Dundee. When purchasing arms for the war the ZAR (Zuid Afrikaansche Republiek) had bought 4 large field guns from the French armaments supplier, Creusot. Known as Long Toms, these were place in the forts around Pretoria to defend the town. British military authorities discounted the use of these weapons in the field as believed that they were too large and too heavy to be moved. However, the Boer forces did move then out of the Pretoria forts and one of them was brought by train to Glencoe and then by wagon and manhandled to the top of Mpati mountain. From here it was able to fire into the British camp on the morning of the 21 October. These field guns fired a shell that weighed 40kg and had a range of 10,000 yards which far exceeded that which the British artillery had available. This particular Long Tom was moved from Mpati to a position in the Wasbank valley, then to Pepworth hill and then on to Gun hill on the perimeter of Ladysmith and used during the Siege of Ladysmith.

Helmekaar district

In 1871 a dispute about grazing for animals at “nagmaal” services at the Ermelo church led to families from the Helpmekaar district removing themselves and setting up their own church. As minister they called Rev Döhne. They built a small church on ground from the government. With the death of the Rev Döhne in 1878 a calling was made to Rev Kriel of the Ladysmith area. In 1880 Helpmekaar became part of the Ladysmith church region. It became apparent that the church was not central enough. The misty climate at Helpmekaar also proved a problem for church attendees. A more suitable position was sought.

The Judith church was built on 100 acres of land was donated by Mrs Judith van Tonder, in memory of her husband, for use for “nagmaal” services. The church cost R1,600 and the costs were shared by each of the men on the building committee. To prevent any dispute grazing rights were obtained on neighbouring land. The church was inaugurated in January 1885.
During the Anglo Boer war the church suffered damage to its contents. The seats were restored and the organ replaced at the end of the war. Church services were held monthly and “nagmaal” once a quarter. During the 33 years that Rev Schoon took the services, he was only absent once. This was quite remarkable as in the early years the minister travelled from Ladysmith on horseback to conduct services. As he was unable to do a return journey in one day a small room was built on to the church for him to stay overnight. In 1953 the church committee decided to cease services in the Judith church. “Nagmaal” would be held at the Voortrekker church and the pulpit bible was kept by the Dutch reformed Church in Dundee.

This is a declared Provincial Heritage Site.

The best preserved of all the coal mines and the buildings that graced them is the Burnside Mine.

Started in 1905 the mine closed in 195. The buildings were converted for agricultural use and many have been continually used since then. However stand empty as a testimony to the vibrant mine community that existed in this valley.
Amongst the fine brick buildings is a small Hindu temple that retains part of the story of this lovely valley and the men who worked the mines. This temple is unique in that, it has the symbols of temples from northern India on the northern face of the building and symbols from southern India on the southern face.

The washing plant and storage bins of the Merythr Colliery, still stands as a concrete testament in the Wasbank valley. The original mine which had opened in the early years of the 20th Century had closed. To reduce operating costs 2 adits of the old mine were reopened in April 1938 and two other were closed at Burnside, as extracting coking coal was cheaper from Merthyr. Closed adits were opened during the Second World War due to demand for bunker coal for military ships calling at Durban harbour, but they closed as soon as this demand ceased.
The Red brick buildings of the Dundee By-Products plant, across the current road, are a remarkable testament to the quality of craftsmen and the pride that was taken in the buildings erected on the mines. Although discussions to open By-Products began in 1917 it was only in full operation by September 1922. It was erected mainly for converting dross into by-products as this went to waste. Napthalene (use to make moth balls), tar for our roads, paint, gas, benzol ( a petrol replacement), carbolic acid, dyes, and numerous replacement products for the country during the Second World War, when imports were very limited as ships were reserved for military use were produced here. Here the coal from Burnside and later Hlobane Colliery was fired in the coking ovens to produce coke, which was the chief by-products. This coke was sold for use in blast furnaces, foundries, fuel in bakeries, transport vehicle and gas plants. In 1953 the top section of the chimney was removed due to the lean on the chimney and the discovery that the foundations were insufficient to support the weight of the construction. The plant finally closed in 1960.
On the farm “Uithoek” in the Wasbank valley is the old Voortrekker home built by Carl Landman, second in command at the battle of Blood River. He was known to be a good builder and it is assumed that he built this home himself. He lived in this house from 1852-1875. Flanked by the family cemetery, where he is buried, the new farmhouse and older farm buildings, this simple cottage with its timber ceilings and white washed walls reminds us all of the proud heritage of the men and women who settled in these valleys.

This is a declared Provincial Heritage Site.

Glencoe

On the main railway line from Durban to Johannesburg, Glencoe was an important town for the Boer forces. Their generals were all quartered here during the Natal campaign and Russian, German, Swedish hospitals as well as a number of first aid posts were set up here to handle Boer casualties. The Russian hospital was based in the property now known as Payne’s farm as it had been built along with 2 other buildings by Mr Payne in 1898. This particular hospital handled over 1,000 patients a day and then sent them to the main hospital in Newcastle.

Mr Payne who had arrived from Cornwall in 1880 and settled in Glencoe Junction in 1889, first rented and then purchased Glencoe farm. The hotel which he built, originally had accommodation for 10 guests, billiard, dining and sitting rooms and hot and cold baths. It was the only hotel in Glencoe for many years.

He also had the local store and all three buildings were in close proximity to each other.

Today the hospital building is a private home and the hotel has been converted into the Ayran Benevolent Aged Home.

This beautifully peaceful church was originally a Roman Catholic Church that had fallen into disuse and was purchased by the Greek community in 1992 and restored as a Greek Orthodox Church. This was done in memory of Kiki Adalis who was killed in a car accident. Icons decorate the iconostasis and the walls of the church.

Built in 1973 this church has the most amazing walls of stained glass. The shaped walls on opposite sides of the church have floor to roof height glass panels that are the shape and size of a brick set into a concrete surround.
The multicoloured walls create extraordinary light effects within the church.